Suggest to take a look at the various (correct) ways of using a comma, as described in the Oxford Dictionaries. During the production of the film the director nearly quit. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. Try switching out the word so with either therefore or so that. Of all the punctuation marks in English, this one is perhaps the most abused and misused. When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. Our blog is about content marketing and copywriting. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. The only exception is “yet again,” specifically when we decide to bring it at the beginning of a sentence. When the introductory phrase is a restrictive appositive phrase, don’t use a comma to separate it from the main clause. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. If the speaker had said "My thought is that if… there would be no need for a comma before if , … If Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. An appositive phrase is a phrase that renames the subject of the sentence. The award-winning teacher, Mrs. Becky Armstrong, was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. Click to see full answer. During the production of the film, the director nearly quit. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. There may be style guides that say you shouldn't add a comma after British Columbia. If you have the month-date-year format, a comma is always required after the year. Ah, the comma. Commas—sometimes paired with semicolons—are traditionally used to set off adverbs such as however, therefore, and indeed. That makes WAS correct! You don’t have to include the comma with short prepositional phrases (three words or fewer). There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. While we don't normally use a comma before a clause beginning with "because," we should in this case since the comma … You are not putting a comma after is per se; you are bracketing the if-clause with commas. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? A nonrestrictive appositive phrase isn’t necessary but simply adds information to the sentence. Dates sometimes crop up in the middle of sentences. It was a short, simple film. For two adjectives, use a comma where you could use "and". It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. When should you use a comma? Commas That Are, Indeed, Useful. GrammarBook.com says: November 3, 2015, at 7:28 pm Our Rule 5 of Commas says, “Use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of endearment, or title of a person directly addressed.” Since John is directly addressed in your sentence, use a comma after the name. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. In these instances, don’t use a comma to separate the phrase from the subject that it renames. Rule 4: If a Sentence Begins With a Dependent Clause, Use a Comma After It If a sentence begins with an introductory phrase or dependent clause, it should have a comma immediately after it. “If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. In the examples below, the introductory phrase contains two prepositional phrases: “during the production” and “of the film.”. How to Wish Someone Well in 2020, How to Write Right After You’ve Swiped Right, Why Grammar Matters in Your Content Marketing. Introductory clause: After the meeting was over, the staff was exhausted. I personally think this is … Answer: Sentence C is correct. Considering this, is there a comma after that? Appositives act as synonyms for a … Introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the door. 2. If I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. ð, But then he “would have brought me a new bike”. (It was a … When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. There are several uses of the comma that can best be described as conventional or mechanical. Here’s a tip: Commas can be tricky, but they don’t have to trip you up. Adding the comma did not change the meaning of any words in the sentence except for one: as. (Why so “tense”, Santa? Get a clear picture of when to use commas by exploring their usage through examples. When the adverb is essential to the meaning of the clause, or if no pause is intended or desired, commas are not needed. “ If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. © Constant Content (A Division of Moresby Media Inc.) 2020, Gary Vee’s Insights on Successful Social Media Marketing in 2020, Content Marketing Hacks: How to Revamp Old Content to Boost Your Google Rankings, The Future of Marketing: 5 Key Facts to Stay Ahead of the Game in 2020, Getting Audience Attention: Gary Vaynerchuk Marketing Hacks 2020, Gary Vee: Marketing in 2020âWhy Volume of Content Matters. The rules regarding commas after introductory phrases are complex, but with practice, applying them will become instinctual. This comma is more important than the comma after "hopefully." Using a Comma after an Interjection Commas can be used to offset interjections (e.g., "yes," "indeed," "absolutely"). Numbers. Example: I will visit the Tower if I go to London. For example, the highlighted phrase in the sentence below is an appositive phrase because it renames the subject: There are two types of appositive phrases: restrictive and nonrestrictive. Interjections are included in a sentence (usually at the start) to express a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm. Shouldn’t it be: If Santa Clause (ha, ha) WERE real? -- there is no comma immediately after "But." Use commas in a series of three or more items. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. There are lots of rules about comma usage, and often the factors that determine whether you should use one are quite subtle. (Although I'm not aware of any.) Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. Would the comma be after Josh or not there at all? But Santa Clause is real! If you would like the reader to briefly pause … After riding his bike around the neighborhood twice, Rob was sweating profusely. Season’s Greetings or Seasons Greetings and 3 More Confusing Holiday Terms, Happy New Year, New Year’s, or New Years? If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. Posts include a range of topics, from content tips and practical writing advice to the latest SEO and content distribution techniques. ð. However, if it is at the beginning of a dependent clause, you can skip the comma. A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are joined together using only a comma. Reply. The only reason that there is a comma after the word “but” is because of the interrupter that comes after it. If you follow such a guide, then don't add a comma. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. He can only BRING me a new bike while he IS. The award-winning teacher Mrs. Becky Armstrong was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. The correct commas after date rule is based on what type of date is used in the sentence. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. Use a comma if the if clause is at the beginning of the sentence.. Examples: That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. If you omit the comma after 'that' in those sentences, … Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Use a comma to indicate a short pause in a sentence. ”Rather” in constructions ”Or rather” The phrase “or rather” is preceded by a comma, and it along with the phrase or clause adjoined to it may be followed by a comma or a period, depending on where it is in the sentence. Also notice that in this sentence from before-- But even if a male dog is neutered, he remains a he. I don’t think there needs to be a hard and fast rule. Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. The sentence below, however, contains a restrictive appositive: In this case, the appositive is restrictive because it is necessary for the reader to know which opera singer had myopia. Commas with Conditional Sentences - Writing English. A restrictive appositive phrase is one that is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. Two of the most common style guides, however, give guidance that a comma should be added. Before the movie starts, let’s get some popcorn. Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008. she will become the first female president. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. Proper grammar usage is an important part of writing, whether you are creating long-form content or short social media posts. Don ’ t use a comma if the if clause is at the end of the sentence.. Does “yet” the adverb need a comma. Sometimes, a restrictive appositive phrase acts as an introductory phrase. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. When a word or phrase forms an introduction … The use or omission of the comma is well established, and writers need only to apply the rules. As you may have noticed, the answer is predominantly no. Before the movie starts let’s get some popcorn. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. And it’s no wonder. There would be a pause after "right," and that's where you put the comma. a. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. Still unsure if you should use a comma? Example: If I go to London, I will visit the Tower. 3. I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. Some people prefer the serial or Harvard comma; some abhor it. Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. Normally, the last item in the series is preceded by … It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. So if one abbreviates the “that is” by the “i.e.”, then meaning-wise the sentence ought to require the use of the comma before “i.e.”; the only question is whether the periods that punctuate it as an abbreviation suffice for the purpose of the comma following it. Wrong: She hated going to the … But if the phrase is longer than four words, use a comma. The example appositive phrase above is nonrestrictive because the sentence still makes sense without the phrase; it just doesn’t include as much information. If you just have a month and a year or a month and a day, using commas after dates depends on context: 1. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. She hated going to the dentist, and, she cried the whole way there. Comma rules can be confusing. If you’re going to the store, pick me up a gallon of milk. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. There is no comma before where in order to introduce continuity, describing the living conditions in the aforementioned countries. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. “Yet” as an adverb fits seamlessly into a sentence, and there is no reason to separate from the rest of the sentence using a comma. Consider the below examples of sentences containing properly placed and omitted commas: When your introductory phrase actually contains two prepositional phrases, it’s best to use a comma. December 12, 2007 by constant-content in Freelance Writing Tips. But, under normal circumstances, “would rather” doesn’t take any commas before or after it. 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