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They managed to get some of the treasure out of the city, but most of it was lost and never recovered. Learn Hernán Cortés facts for kids. Early life. He was responsible for the bold conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1519 in Central Mexico. Later he would get the opportunity to go to the University of Salamanca. There are no major monuments to Cortes anywhere in Mexico, but heroic statues of Cuitlahuac and Cuauhtémoc, two Mexica Emperors who fought bitterly against the Spanish invaders, grace the beautiful avenues of modern Mexico City. He got more men, 11 ships, 14 artillery pieces, 16 horses and went to Mexico in 1519. Hernan Cortes began the first saying of the Spanish colonization of the Americans and then conquered the Aztec empire. Hernan Cortes (1485–1547) was a Spanish conquistador and the leader of the expedition which brought down the mighty Aztec Empire between 1519 and 1521. This resulted in large areas of Mexico’s mainland being ruled by the Crown of Castile, during the early part of the sixteenth century. He did learn a little Latin and became good a writing. But did you know there were women among the Spanish conquistadors? The expedition was to explore the coastline, make contact with Indigenous peoples, perhaps engage in some trade, and then return to Cuba. Hernan Cortes was born 1485, in Medellin, Spain. Hernán Cortés (also called Hernando Cortez) was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. Everything happened in 1522 when Cortés was having a party in a house he had in Mexico and his wife visited him. After Cortes took out the royal fifth, his own fifth and made generous, questionable "payments" to many of his cronies, there was precious little left for his men, most of whom received fewer than 200 pesos apiece. Early Life Forget cannons, guns, swords, and crossbows - Cortes' secret weapon was a teenage girl he had picked up in the Maya lands before marching on Tenochtitlan. Hernando Cortes Early Years Facts. Cortés spent 2 years (1528-1530) in Spain defending himself against his enemies and attempting unsuccessful… After establishing a colony in Mexico, Spanish nobleman Hernan Cortes: Fast Facts rallied native allies and conquered the Aztec Empire. This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Hernan Cortes worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Hernán Cortés who was a conquistador and explorer who overthrew Montezuma II, ruler of the Aztec Empire. Hernan Cortes, Spanish conquistador who overthrew the Aztec empire (1519–21) and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. Utilizing his notary skills and moving up through the ranks fast, as a young man Cortes served Spain as the mayor of the capital city of the colony of Cuba. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. His power and influence during his time paved the way for 300 years of control and ownership over the region of Mexico and Central America. His life was full of brave actions and controversies, so let’s start with his background so you can discover all the interesting facts about Hernán Cortés. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire. This, however, was later helpful, as he knew how the law of Spain worked.. Hernan's journeys started in 1502 when he had heard stories about the New World. Early life. He was also known as Hernando Cortes. The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character Hernan Cortes. {{PD-Art}} The path taken by Hernán Cortés on his way to Tenochtitlan. Malinche gave birth to Hernan Cortes' son Martin in 1523. He conquered the Aztecs in Central America in 1521. Although most people call him Hernan today, he went by Hernando or Fernando during his lifetime. The Aztec Empire was also conquered by Cortes. Hernán Cortés (1485–December 2, 1547) (who was known as Hernando or Fernando Cortés during his lifetime and signed all his letters Fernán Cortés) was the conquistador who conquered Mexico for Spain. Velazquez tried to remove Cortes, but the ambitious conquistador hurriedly set sail before his old partner could remove him from command. Hernan Cortes' audacious conquest made him famous and rich. He returned to Spain and met the king. He was born to Martin Cortes and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano, a family of Spanish nobility, in Medellin (now Extremadura), Spain, in 1485. She Had a Son With Hernan Cortes . The first two died shortly after birth. Cortés became mayor of Santiago, the capital. One of them was Malinali, who as a girl had lived in a Nahuatl-speaking land. Cortes was born Medellín, Extremadura province, in the Kingdom of Castile in Spain. He spent most of his early life at court in Spain. Cortes named California. Cortes married the sister-in-law of governor Velasquez while living in Cuba. Fun facts: before fame, family life, popularity rankings, and more. He lived in 1495 until 1547. He would take this skill back home with him, plant vast plantations, and this would lead to Spain’s domination of the cocoa industry for centuries. Hernan Cortes . Hernan Cortes is famous for leading the expedition to modern-day Mexico which led to the fall of the Aztec Empire and was instrumental in the Spanish colonization of Americas. Hernán Cortés (1485-1547), also known as Hernando Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador, born in Medellin, which is in the province of Castile of Spain. Historical accounts seem to indicate that they were correct: Cortes most likely cheated not only his men but the king himself, failing to declare all of the treasure and not sending the king his rightful 20% under Spanish law. Cortes married the sister-in-law of governor Velasquez while living in Cuba. However, the new king, Charles V, ordered him to go back to Spain because they were going to send royal authorities there. These came in handy later in the Valley of Mexico, when he had to build some brigantines on Lake Texcoco to begin the siege of Tenochtitlan. Cortes assembled the nobles of the city and accused them of treachery before massacring the unarmed men, women and children. Early Life Interesting Facts about Hernando de Soto 1. Interestingly, the Gulf of California was originally called the Sea of Cortes. Hernán Cortéswas born in the year 1485 around a town by the name Medellin, Spain. He lived in 1478 until 1541. Hernando Cortes Facts for kids The life and biography of Hernando Cortes is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. Cortes went by another name during his lifetime. Daar werd ook de hoofdstad Tenochtitlán gesticht.

The Gulf of California was originally named the Sea of Cortes. He went back in 1541 and died there a few years later.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'factsking_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',130,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'factsking_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',131,'0','0'])); When Cortés was 14, his father sent him to Salamanca to study law. Martin was a favorite of his father. Hernan Cortes was born in a rich noble spanish family. Interesting Facts about Hernan Cortes. Many modern Mexicans do not see the arrival of the Spanish in 1519 as bringers of civilization, modernity or Christianity: rather, they think the conquistadors were a brutal gang of cutthroats who plundered the rich culture of central Mexico. Eventually, Cortes was forced to repay Velazquez' investment in the venture, but not cut him in on the fabulous wealth the Spaniards found in Mexico. English. Cortes was not above bringing war to the native people of Central America, but he was also smart enough to know when people would join him. They, in turn, canceled his previous partnership and authorized him to explore Mexico. Martin became a soldier like his father and fought for the King of Spain in several battles in Europe in the 1500s. In Mexico, Hernan Cortes ordered the Cholula Massacre while Pedro de Alvarado ordered the Temple Massacre. Labels: april 22 facts, April 22nd Facts, Conquistador, Cortes Conquistador, fun facts April 22nd, Hernan Cortes, history facts, history facts april 22nd, on this day April 22nd, on this day in history facts, top facts De Soto was born in a poverty-stricken region of Spain. These fun facts really get you thinking about how far we’ve come. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. When Cortes heard of Christopher Columbus’ discoveries, he also wanted a piece of the new world for himself. Read on to learn 37 glorious and bloody facts that you probably didn’t know about Spanish conquistadors. Cortes was continuously stripped from all of his power until his final days. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Painting by Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin, But What He Didn't Lose, He Kept for Himself, The Conquest of Tenochtitlan Was Not the End of His Career, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Biography of Malinche, Enslaved Woman and Interpreter to Hernán Cortés, Timeline of Hernan Cortes' Conquest of the Aztecs, Top 10 Things to Know About the Aztecs and Their Empire, Biography of Diego Velazquez de Cuellar, Conquistador, Biography of Hernán Cortés, Ruthless Conquistador, He Wasn't Supposed to Go on His Historical Expedition. Cortes was still that way as an adult, as you'll see later on. He spent a while in the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola before he led an unauthorized expedition to Mexico. 18:48. (053) 530 9786 / 0917 119 7386 / 0917 114 5333 / 0998 889 3307 inquiry@destideastravel.com inquiry@destideastravel.com He also explored the territories of the Gulf of California and California. Hernando Cortes … After Montezuma's death, they were forced to flee the city on a night remembered by the Spanish as the Night of Sorrows because half of them were killed by angry Mexica warriors. She died that very night, and Cortes put out the story that she had a bad heart. There, Cortes forged an alliance with the Tlaxcalans which would pay off handsomely for the Spanish. He made alliances with the enemies of some groups, and used the intelligence of Marina to conquer Mexico. As such, Cortes confidently took the commission given to him by Velasquez, governor of Cuba, to conquer new land… 11. After the Night of Sorrows, the Spanish regrouped in Tlaxcala. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',128,'0','0'])); Hernán Cortés was part of the first group of Conquistadors in the Americas. Hernan died in Castille, Spain December 2nd, 1547 at the age of 62. Facts about Conquistadors 2: the Aztec Empire. Nevertheless, Velázquez wasn’t sure about him and became envious, because he had great abilities and got 300 men to join him in just a month. Hernan Cortes began the first saying of the Spanish colonization of the Americans and then conquered the Aztec empire. Fact 2: Christopher Columbus 10 Interesting facts about Tenochtitlan in Aztec; Video on Tenochtitlan; How the Aztecs built Tenochtitlan; The legend of Quetzalcoatl in video form; Video of the Aztec Empire; Seven countries that make up Central America; Questions on Hernan Cortes; Video of European colonization of the United States; Who was Moctezuma? In 1504, he left Spain and sailed to Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean. She was really smart and her knowledge about the indigenous customs was key in the conquest. Cortes was a ruthless leader whose ambition was matched only by his conviction that he could bring the Indigenous peoples of Mexico to the Kingdom of Spain and Christianity, and make himself fabulously wealthy in the process. Although she was essentially enslaved, she became a trusted advisor to Cortes, advising him when treachery was afoot and she saved the Spanish on more than one occasion from Aztec plots. Taking a 23-minute flight might seem like a waste of money today, but in 1914 Abram … He went to Salamanca University, but dropped out at the age of 17.After two years, Cortes failed and finished schooling, returning home. Before coming into existence as the Nike Coretz, there was a … Although he was appointed governor of New Spain in 1521, it was the beginning of the end for him. Fun Facts ; Landmarks ; Hernán Cortés founded the city of Veracruz while searching for gold in the region. The key to Cortes’s conquests lay in the political crisis within the Aztec empire; the Aztecs were bitterly resented by many of the subject peoples who had to pay tribute to them. This exploration was part of the last important expedition Cortés did. Early Life: Hernán Cortés was born in Medellin, Castile, Spain around 1485. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/hern-n-cort-s Born to a wealthy family, Cortes was groomed to become a lawyer but the young lad was keen on having an adventure rather than finish his studies in law. The King of Spain, Charles V, and his royal court believed that Hernan Cortes was too powerful to … Pizarro was the one who defeated the Inca Empire and conquered Peru.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'factsking_com-leader-2','ezslot_10',134,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'factsking_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_7',135,'0','0'])); He was first married with to Catalina Juárez, who was infertile. Hours after the party was over, Cortés found her dead in her bed and said she died of asthma. But did you know there were women among the Spanish conquistadors? Fun quiz on the Aztecs! Cortes named California. Hernan Cortes (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador known for his bravery, ambition, thirst for gold, brutality, and extraordinary leadership. 1. This, however, was later helpful, as he knew how the law of Spain worked.. Hernan's journeys started in 1502 when he had heard stories about the New World. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish explorer and soldier who was born in 1485. Have you ever heard about Hernan Cortes? Catalina’s family sued Cortés but the case was dismissed. Henceforth, the Spanish invasion was supported by thousands of doughty warriors who hated the Mexica and their allies. He was to learn Latin from his uncle in Salamanca. He was born in Medellin, Spain (S) With a total of 3 marriages, he was a ladies man. Vanuit het binnenland van Zuid-Amerikawas het volk vanwege grote droogte het continent doorgetrokken om uiteindelijk een koninkrijk te vestigen in de moerassen van Mexico. He later claimed Mexico for the Spanish Crown. Cortes and his men occupied Tenochtitlan in November of 1519 and immediately began badgering Montezuma and the Aztec nobles for gold. The parents we… He used the knowledge he got to vindicate the disobedience he made in Cuba that led to the conquest of Mexico.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-leader-1','ezslot_6',132,'0','0'])); It is believed that at some point of history writers shortened the names he used to “Hernán”. Because of his mom, Catalina Pizarro y Altamirano, he was a distant relative of Francisco Pizarro. Hernan Cortes was born in a rich noble spanish family. On this page is a list of interesting facts about Hernando Cortes including how he conquered Mexico, where he fought the indigenous tribes of Mexico, and when he died. Cortés, Hernán, or Hernando Cortez kôrtĕz´, Span. However, the servants tell a different story. He was successful to claim Mexico for Spain. His parents were considered Hidalgos, who were Spanish nobility. Facts About Hernando Cortes. He recognized all of them. Quick Facts: – Hernan Cortes first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. The Cholula Massacre was a brutal statement by the Conquistadors as to who was now in power. Cortes was continuously stripped from all of his power until his final days. Had Cortes not become a soldier and conquistador, he would have made a fine lawyer. Three of them were the result of his relationships with indigenous women. They had already collected a great deal on their way there, and by June of 1520,​ they had amassed an estimated eight tons of gold and silver. Hernan conquered the Aztec nation of 5 million people with less then 1,000 soldiers. Welcome to another article of Facts King! He did some preparatory studies, studied Latin with an uncle, and worked as a notary, but he ended up quitting his studies to pursue his dream of going to the Americas. De Azteken waren oorspronkelijk een zwervende stam. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … There he farmed and did legal work. They may admire Cortes' audacity or courage, but they find his cultural genocide abominable. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. This resulted in large areas of Mexico’s mainland being ruled by the Crown of Castile, during the early part of the sixteenth century. This is a controversial fact about Hernán Cortés. This is why he decided to assign another commander, but Cortés was determined to go to Mexico. Catalina could not have been pleased to see her husband with another woman, but she remained in Mexico anyway. He went there with the company of an indigenous woman, Marina or “La Malinche”. In fact, he did not burn them, but he did dismantle them because he wanted to keep the important parts. During his lifetime Hispaniola in the islands of Cuba, he was Spanish. About Hernan Cortes ' audacity or courage, but this is a professor at the of. His advantage bloody facts that you probably didn ’ t go to the mainland selected... 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