capernaum true story

All I can tell them is: “Get real. CAPERNAUM features some Christian, biblical elements and a … Zain and his family have since been resettled in Norway. [14] In 1866, Charles William Wilson identified the location (then known as Tel Hum) as Capernaum. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capernaum&oldid=992714586, Buildings and structures in Northern District (Israel), Former populated places in Southwest Asia, Protected areas of Northern District (Israel), Tourist attractions in Northern District (Israel), Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles needing additional references from September 2014, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Capernaum is a biblical village that was doomed by Jesus. Can you wrap it up in 50 words or less? ... faces his desperate parents in court—a plotline that gets used as a structuring device while a part of the story gets told in flashbacks. [citation needed] Differences in social class were not noticeable. Of course, when you know the situation in Lebanon, it’s much more palpable. The synagogue was built almost entirely of white blocks of calcareous stone brought from distant quarries. It had a population of about 1,500. For the film, see, "Capharnaum" redirects here. It’s a duty. [6], The word capharnaum in modern English, means a place with a "disorderly accumulation of objects", is derived from the town's name.[8]. We’re talking about kids not receiving their most fundamental rights. According to Luke 7:1–10 and Matthew 8:5, this is also the place where Jesus healed the servant of a Roman centurion who had asked for his help. [5] The village subsequently became known as Al-Samakiyya; it was depopulated of its Palestinian population during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 4, 1948, under Operation Matat. Labaki and casting director Jennifer Haddad have sought actors whose life stories track closely to the backstories of the characters they're playing. Capernaum, which means “chaos,” tells the story of that child: Zain, a savvy and wild undernourished creature who runs away from his family after … [5] This includes the re-establishment of the village during the Early Islamic period soon after the 749 earthquake. Story of a young boy who sues his parents for having children they can’t take care of. They used to all sleep in one room on the floor. [18], Given the coarse construction of the walls, there was rarely a second story to a typical home,[19] and the roof would have been constructed of light wooden beams and thatch mixed with mud. It’s chaos. Furthermore, almost no domestic ceramics are recovered, but lamps and large storage jars abound. Later, this passage was blocked and an apse with a pool for baptism was constructed in the middle of the east wall. Does that responsibility extend to representing Lebanon on the world stage when other narratives come up? The synagogue appears to have been built around the 4th or 5th century. That poignant drama, “Capernaum,” follows a boy who runs away and winds up roaming the slums of Beirut shouldering a distressing responsibility. Makes you think of all the children for whom this story is a daily reality. The houses had no hygienic facilities or drainage;[20] the rooms were narrow. It was a very organic way of working — there was really no recipe. James F. Strange and Hershel Shanks, "Has the House Where Jesus Stayed in Capernaum Been Found?,", This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 18:50. He certainly spent time teaching and healing there. [4] There are also carvings of five- and six-pointed stars and of palm trees. [15], In 1905, Germans Heinrich Kohl and Carl Watzinger began a study of Galilean synagogues. [16] These were continued by Franciscans Fathers Vendelin von Benden (1905–1915) and Gaudenzio Orfali (1921–1926). It’s my culture; I’m not changing the image. Were you working on anything between that and the making of “Capernaum”? Your last feature, “Where Do We Go Now?,” was released in 2012. First, a thick-walled, slightly trapezoidal enclosure was built surrounding the entire insula; its sides were 27–30 meters long. In 1894, Franciscan Friar Giuseppe Baldi of Naples, the Custodian of the Holy Land, was able to purchase a good part of the land around the ruins. In the writings of Josephus, the name is rendered in Greek as Kαφαρναούμ (Kapharnaoúm)[6] and Κεφαρνωκόν (Kepharnōkón);[7] the New Testament uses Kapharnaoúm in some manuscripts, and Kαπερναούμ (Kapernaoúm) in others. Now he’s [in Norway] and he’s already learned how to read and write. * Capernaum lay in ruins for long centuries until the purchase of the area by the Franciscan friars in 1894. Capernaum” came to Jesus for healing (John 4:46–53). And I worked on a short film for “Rio, I Love You.” But apart from that, [“Capernaum”] was my only obsession for the past four or five years. This section has uncovered the village from the Byzantine and Early Arab periods. But it stands out as a cautionary tale. And “Capernaum” has been a hit so far. [4] These excavations have been ongoing, with some publication on the Internet as recently as 2003. That’s the problem with films that concern a certain culture but don’t really know that culture, and you really feel that and people get upset and annoyed. Capernaum was a small Jewish fishing and agricultural community on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee. Additional land on the eastern portion of the site became the property of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem. If audiences outside the Middle East have never heard of the Lebanese director Nadine Labaki, her latest feature might change that. During this phase, the major discovery was of a 1st-century house which is believed by Christians to be the home of St. IV. So it’s a completely different life and he’s very happy. The historic site of Capernaum is 2.5 kilometers from Tabgha,[10] an area which appears to have been used for agricultural purposes, judging by the many oil and grain mills which were discovered in the excavation. According to the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus selected this town as the center of his public ministry in Galilee after he left the small mountainous hamlet of Nazareth (Matthew 4:12–17). The tone of the movie is very different from your other two features. So the U.N.H.C.R. interviewed Zain and his family and after we came back from Cannes, we were told Zain is going to be resettled with his whole family. One Sabbath, Jesus taught in the synagogue in Capernaum and healed a man who was possessed by an unclean spirit (Luke 4:31–36 and Mark 1:21–28). During a recent trip to New York, Labaki, 44, talked about her role as a filmmaker and what she hopes you take away from “Capernaum.” These are edited excerpts from the conversation. I might never get anywhere, but at least I want to try. And he is saying ‘Stop, you can’t do this anymore.’ CAPERNAUM features flawless performances as well as an ethereal musical score that flows seamlessly with the on-screen action. Capernaüm ("Chaos") tells the story of Zain (Zain al-Rafeea), a Lebanese boy who sues his parents for the "crime" of giving him life. [15], In 1968, excavation of the western portion of the site—the portion owned by the Franciscans—was resumed by Virgilio Corbo and Stanislao Loffreda. And the critic A.O. Capernaum was the Alliance of Women Film Journalists’ Movie of the Week for December 7th, 2018. Capernaum’s title is a nod to the French term for ‘chaos’ (as well as a doomed biblical village). I’m just showing it the way it is. Located between the synagogue and the lake shore, it was found near the front of a labyrinth of houses from many different periods. Even if I’m showing things that are not that great, I know what I’m talking about. The eastern half of the site, which is owned by the Orthodox Monastery of the Holy Apostles, centered on the red-roofed Church of the Holy Apostles, was surveyed and partially excavated under the direction of Vassilios Tzaferis. CAPERNAUM follows Zain, a gutsy streetwise child as he flees his negligent parents, survives through his wits on the streets, takes care of Ethiopian refugee Rahil (Yordanos Shiferaw) and her baby son, Yonas (Boluwatife Treasure Bankole), being jailed for a crime, and finally, seeks justice in a courtroom. I just wanted them to be who they were, and it was up to me to know how to capture that nature and not alter it. When you’re living in this part of the world, it’s not just about making another film. New pavement was installed, and the walls and floor were plastered. Fish hooks, weights for fish nets, striker pins, weaving bobbins, and basalt mills for milling grain and pressing olives were also found. I want this film to go beyond the borders of just being a film. After a heart-rupturing separation with his sister Sahar, Zain leaves home and finds refuge with Rahil and her infant son, Yonas. In Arabic, it is also called Talḥūm, and it is assumed that this refers to the ruin (tall) of Ḥūm (perhaps an abbreviated form of Nāḥūm). And really, I never asked them to act. Watzinger, like Orfali, believed that there had been an upper floor reserved for women, with access by means of an external staircase located in the small room. Capernaum is a relentless powerhouse when Labaki follows the misadventures of Zain as he finds a temporary safe haven under the protective wings of Rahil. Bengel, Benson and the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary) assume that in Matthew 9:1–7 "his own city" means Capernaum, because of the details that are common to the three synoptic gospels.[9]. Capernaum is a biblical village that was doomed by Jesus. [24] The disk-shaped structure stands on concrete stilts, ensuring visibility to the venerated ancient building. One explanation suggested for this treatment is that the room was venerated as a religious gathering place, a domus-ecclesia or house church, for the Christian community. There are takes that lasted hours and hours. “The Insult” became the first Oscar-nominated film from Lebanon this year. Later on, the word started being used to signify chaos. Every film is like a cry for help in a way. The more you understand that, the more you feel responsible. No sources have been found for the belief that Capernaum was involved in the bloody Jewish revolts against the Romans, the First Jewish-Roman War (AD 66–73) or Bar Kokhba's revolt (132–135), although there is reason to believe that Josephus, one of the Jewish generals during the earlier revolt, was taken to Capernaum (which he called Κεφαρνωκόν, Kepharnōkón[7]) after a fall from his horse in nearby Bethsaida. In the portico, the pattern of the mosaic was purely geometric, with four rows of contiguous circles and small crosses. A group of private houses built around the 1st century BC which remained in use until the early 4th century. An open space on the eastern side contained a brick oven. A politically-charged story featuring mostly non-professional actors, about a child in Beirut who launches a lawsuit against his parents. Three principal layers have been identified: The excavators concluded that one house in the village was venerated as the house of Peter the fisherman as early as the mid-1st century, with two churches having been constructed over it (Loffreda, 1984). Chorazin was a city in Galilee a few kilometres from the city of Capernaum, where … That … And that’s the problem outside Lebanon. (Mark 2:4), A study of the district located between the synagogue and the octagonal church showed that several extended families clustered together, communally using the same courtyards and doorless internal passages. The memorial is a modern church built above the excavated remains of the ancient house and the Byzantine octagonal church, and dedicated in 1990. Scott of The Times named it one of the 10 best movies of the year, writing that “Labaki refuses to lose sight of the exuberance, grit and humor that people hold onto even in moments of the greatest desperation.”, [Read our critics’ top 10 films of the year.]. Most objects found were made of clay: pots, plates, amphoras, and lamps. The film rests entirely on the young boy’s shoulders, as the story is told through the repeated hardships he faces. This time it was the other way. The 5th-century church consists of a central octagon with eight pillars, an exterior octagon with thresholds still in situ, and a gallery or portico that leads both into the interior of the church as well as into a complex of associated buildings to the east, a linkage achieved via a short passageway. This month it secured a Golden Globe nomination for best foreign-language film, paving the way for a potential Oscar nomination in the same category. When translated into English, Capernaum means “chaos”. Of course it’s my responsibility. And usually an actor is at the service of a certain text, of a certain camera movement. At BiblePlaces.com, see the related sites of Sea of Galilee, Bethsaida, Chorazin, Cove of the Sower, Mt. This story is notable as the only one that is common between the gospels of Mark and Luke, but not contained in the Gospel of Matthew (see Synoptic Gospels for more literary comparison between the gospels). Kids in Brazil that live in favelas. But this opinion was not substantiated by the later excavations of the site. [Laughs]. Some readers take Mark 2:1 as evidence that Jesus may have owned a home in the town, but it is more likely that he stayed in the house of one of his followers here. The Jury Prize winner at this year's Cannes Film Festival tells the story of Zain, a streetwise 12-year-old, who flees his abusive parents and later sues them for the "crime" of giving him life… The great transformation of one of the homes in the 4th century. Capernaum is not just a film. In the Midrash Rabba (Ecclesiastes Rabba 7:47) the name appears in its Hebrew form, Kǝfar Naḥūm (Hebrew: כפר נחום‎). It’s like you’re shouting out a certain position or point of view. And for me, politics and art are intertwined. One large room in particular, near the east side and joining both courtyards, was especially large (sides about 7.5 meters long) and roughly square. “Capernaum” is fiction, but its portrayal of Lebanon’s rampant poverty and treatment of undocumented populations is very realistic. [21], As of the 4th century, the houses were constructed with good quality mortar and fine ceramics. It is a different kind of activism, through cinema, because it is bringing attention to children’s rights. Beginning in the latter half of the 1st century AD, this house displayed markedly different characteristics than the other excavated houses. Capernaum (/ k ə ˈ p ɜːr n eɪ ə m,-n i ə m / kə-PUR-nay-əm, -⁠nee-əm; Hebrew: כְּפַר נַחוּם ‎, romanized: Kfar Naḥūm, lit. Later on, the word started being used to signify chaos. Bravo team #Capernaum pic.twitter.com/J26E2vigc6 — Oprah Winfrey (@Oprah) January 11, 2019 One block of homes, called by the Franciscan excavators the sacra insula or "holy insula" ("insula" refers to a block of homes around a courtyard) was found to have a complex history. I want to try to change things. [3] Archaeological excavations have revealed two ancient synagogues built one over the other. During the shoot, we got help from the [United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees] because when [the organization] sees there’s a family that’s in a problematic situation in a host country, it applies for resettlement on their behalf. How did you get such phenomenal performances out of a 12-year-old, who was illiterate when you started shooting, and an infant? We had to be observant. Zain al Rafeea in Capernaum. Others have questioned whether the space is actually a room; the paved floor, the large space without supports, and the presence of a cooking space have prompted some to note that these are more consistent with yet another courtyard (Freyne, 2001). Too many flashbacks interrupt the story’s narrative flow too much, but the story is still engrossing and moving. I had a baby. Capernaum was an ancient Israeli city where Jesus performed some of his most famous miracles — where even the most pitiable and destitute of people could be made whole. Peter. It is a universal story for me because we’re not only talking about kids in Lebanon. Made of plaster, they reached a height of 2.3 meters on the north side. The town is cited in all four gospels (Matthew 4:13, 8:5, 11:23, 17:24, Mark 1:21, 2:1, 9:33, Luke 4:23, 31,7:1, 10:15, John 2:12, 4:46, 6:17, 24, 59) where it was reported to have been the hometown of the tax collector Matthew, and located not far from Bethsaida, the hometown of the apostles Simon Peter, Andrew, James and John. The praying hall measured 24.40 m by 18.65 m, with the southern face looking toward Jerusalem. Kfar Naḥūm, the original name of the town, means "village of comfort" (כְּפַר נַחוּם‎ (Kfar Nahum)) in Hebrew, and apparently there is no connection with the prophet named Nahum. One house, slightly larger than most, consisted of a few small rooms clustered around two open courtyards,[23] one to the north and the other to the south. I was a candidate in the municipal elections in Lebanon. Afterward, Jesus healed Simon Peter's mother-in-law of a fever (Luke 4:38–39). 'Nahum's village'; Arabic: كفر ناحوم‎, romanized: Kafr Nāḥūm) was a fishing village established during the time of the Hasmoneans, located on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee. In 1926, the Franciscan Father Gaudenzio Orfali [de] began the restoration of the synagogue. [citation needed], According to Luke's Gospel, the Capernaum synagogue at the time of Jesus' ministry had been built or funded by a Roman centurion based there.[22]. This, along with the discovery of the stairs to the roof, recalls the biblical story of the Healing of the Paralytic: "And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay." Zain al Rafeea holding Boluwatife Treasure Bankole in “Capernaum.”. (Wars – Book III, 10, 8) He stayed the night there after bruising his wrist in a riding accident. At its premiere at Cannes in May, the film received a 15-minute standing ovation and went on to win the Jury Prize, one of many honors on the festival circuit. Labaki drew many of the story’s elements from real life, including her pint-sized star; the real Zain is a Syrian refugee who had never acted before, and now lives in Norway. In this period, the sacra insula acquired a new appearance. The work was interrupted by his death in a car accident in 1926 (which is commemorated by a Latin inscription carved onto one of the synagogue's columns), and was continued by Virgilio Corbo beginning in 1976. [7][11], Josephus referred to Capernaum as a fertile spring. Click here for my ranking of this and 2018’s other theatrical releases. [11] As early as 530 CE, Capernaum was mentioned in the writings of Theodosius the archdeacon who said that it was situated, as one goes northward from Tiberius, two miles from Tabga (Heptapegan) and six miles short of Bethsaida along the same route. 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Ancient building ] [ 11 ], as the story ’ s rampant poverty and treatment of undocumented is... Whom this story is still engrossing and moving ] there are also carvings five-! The first Oscar-nominated film from Lebanon this year est un Capernaum ” came to for! More interesting, Yordanos Shiferaw, Boluwatife Treasure Bankole in “ Capernaum. ” additional land on the set her... An artist, it ’ s living in a way constructed in the 4th century which in... Series of openings or low windows ” is fiction, but lamps and storage! The cemetery zone is found 200 meters north of the town as recently 2003! Home of St. Peter Rahil and her infant son, Yonas poverty and treatment of populations. Beirut who launches a lawsuit against his parents was strengthened with mortar Early Arab.! Visible was built almost entirely of white blocks of calcareous stone brought from distant quarries read and write in... Covered with painted plaster and fine stucco work found during the Early period! Making of “ Capernaum ” has been critiqued by several scholars,.... Recently as 2003 centuries until the Early 4th century Norway ] and he ’ s rights a line of blocks! Of Jerusalem synagogue appears to have been built around the open courtyard, modest were! The house Where Jesus stayed in Capernaum been found? `` then as! Of course, when they ’ re not only talking about kids not receiving most... With good quality mortar and fine stucco work found during the Early Islamic period soon the. Allowed crossing between the synagogue was built the Early 4th century a pool apparently used for the of!

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